Most Common Cat Illnesses And Their Improvement Methods

common Disorders in Cats-min

You favorite kitty could be very active by nature. It would love to climb trees, jump over the fence, steal into the neighbor’s house and also catch other small animals. While it catches a mouse or a bird, these are bound to be consumed by the cat,unless it is too picky in its eating habits.

When the cat is viewed to perform a whole lot of mischievous activities, it remains in a close vicinity to many harmful elements. These elements are capable of rendering its body, the most perilous disorders that could harm it drastically.

Therefore, while you rear a cat and perform all the activities related to cat grooming, it is very necessary to be vigilant of the body condition of the pet. For example, if your cat is showing signs of itching, there are possibilities that fleas would have made a dwelling unit in its body.

These signals are to be caught by the cat-keeper at their very advent and appropriate measures are to be taken to do them off.

Here we would discuss a few common disorders in the body of cats that frequently attack your pet. Though they might not sound grave, the long-term existence of these disorders could even cost its life.

Common Disorders That Affect The Body Of Cats:

Respiratory Infections:

These are one of the most common illnesses that affect a cat. Some of the symptoms that accompany respiratory infections include:

  • Sneezing
  • Coughing
  • Runny nose
  • Breathing problems
  • Fatigue
  • Lethargy
  • Lack of appetite
  • Watery eyes
  • Fever
  • Pneumonia

These respiratory infections may be caused due to various reasons such as:

  • Smoke from the environment
  • Dust and dirt in and around the house
  • Parasitic attack
  • Due to pollens and flowers
  • Allergies
  • Stress
  • Overcrowded living area

It is to be understood by the pet-keeper that these respiratory infections are highly contagious and could pass to the other cats or pets in your house. Therefore, the infected cat must be kept away from the other pets.

To treat this disorder, various kinds of antibiotics and fluids are commercially available. You could make use of these to effectively treat your pet cat.

Intestinal Parasites:

The parasitic attack is common in almost all the pets and cats are no different. A fact says that almost 3% of the cats gave a lower urinary tract disease and intestinal parasites are one of the causes that create these diseases.

Roundworm is one of the most common forms of parasite that invades the body of cats. It could be ingested due to infected insect bites or if it has consumed a small animal such as a rodent, which is contact with the contaminated soil.

When the roundworm gets introduced in the body, it proceeds with its invasion in the intestine of the cat and could also get to the blood stream and other critical organs.

You could view the attack of roundworms with the spaghetti-shaped strands in the excreta of cats. These parasites are capable of rendering symptoms such as bloated tummy, dullness of outer coat, lack of appetite and diarrhea etc. In fact, a huge build-up of roundworms could even cost the life of your beloved pet.

Another parasite that attacks the body of cats is tapeworm, which has a white, ribbon-like structure. These worms are ingested due to attack of infected flea that might have consumed the tapeworm eggs.

When these eggs reach to the body of cats, they find a secure place in the stomach to hatch and develop, and are always attached to the intestine of the animal. These tapeworms are the common culprits to suck nutrients out of the body of cat. Due to them, the cat would easily lose weight and could suffer from diarrhea etc. conditions.

These parasitic attacks could be suppressed with the help of oral dewormer medications. Apart from this, flea control methods, cleanliness and limiting the cat indoor would also help it from the dangerous attack of parasites.

Diarrhea:

Diarrhea may be characterized by a regular loss of food and water from the body through feces or vomiting. This is one of the common diseases in the cats that cause an acute shortage of water and nutrients in its body. Some of the reasons why cats experience diarrhea are:

  • Eating of unfavorable materials such as garbage, nonfood material, restricted human food or spoiled food materials
  • A sudden change in the diet of cat
  • Due to a sensitive digestive tract that is not able to adapt with the ingredients
  • Parasitic attack
  • Viral and bacterial infections
  • Drugs and toxins
  • Intestinal blockage
  • Foreign body ingestion
  • Kidney diseases
  • Pancreatic diseases
  • Liver diseases
  • Allergies and fungal infections etc.

Due to these diarrhea-causing culprits, the body of cat may experience the following symptoms:

  • Excessive water discharge in the feces, more than the regular amount
  • Vomiting that may accompany blood
  • Blood and mucus discharge in the feces
  • Increase the volume of feces
  • Possibility of anorexia
  • Excessive weakness
  • Fevers; mild or extreme
  • Abdominal pain
  • Depression
  • Fatigue
  • Sleeplessness
  • Loss of appetite
  • Strain in passing of feces etc.

When the above symptoms are viewed in the cat, it has to be quickly taken to the vet. A rigorous blood test is carried out which includes the count of critical elements in it. It could be followed with a urine test and X-Ray too.

When the symptoms and causes have been effectively found out, the medications for the same could follow the diagnosis. If the diarrhea is a mild one, it could be cured with the help of antibiotics but in critical cases, an ingestion of intravenous fluids might be significantly required.

Gum Infection Or Gingivitis:

Gingivitis in cats is also known as inflammation of gums and this disease highly affects the mouth of cats. It is mostly found in the cats that consume more of a carbohydrate-rich kind of diet.

When there is an excessive build-up of plaque in the cat’s teeth, there is an accumulation of sticky bacterial film and food particles continue to deposit in the place. When this plaque gets blended with saliva and minerals, it could turn into a yellow tartar which is hard enough to irritate the teeth of cats.

If this tartar is not given appropriate attention, it builds up to a level that various symptoms such as reddened gum, difficulty in chewing foods, bad breath are said to occur initially.

Further, if the pet-keeper still pays no attention towards the pet, the disease has the capability of spreading in the entire body. The bacteria in the teeth get transmitted in the blood and attack the critical organs such as heart and kidneys.

If you come to know of the gingivitis conditions in the body of your cat, it should be rendered a professional help to clean its teeth.

Prevention is surely better than cure and therefore, the daily brushing habits should be carefully scheduled. You could use cat-special toothpaste to provide the utmost hygienic conditions to the teeth.

Also, the diet of the cat should be taken into account and excess of carbohydrate or fat should be avoided in the diet. You could also contact your vet for a suitable antibiotic if the condition has reached a critical level.

Urinary Tract Infections:

Urinary tract infections in cats occur in the bladder and urethra (a tube from the bladder that facilitates urine out of the body of cats). There are various causes of urinary infections in cats such as:

  • Cystitis
  • Bacterial attack
  • Dehydration
  • Fungal infection
  • High mineral content in dry foods etc.

This problem in cats has various grave symptoms such as painful urination, blood in the urine, thickening of the bladder, blockage of urine flow, urinary crystals and even kidney failures.

When these types of symptoms are noted in the cats, the vets conduct several urinalyses to find out the exact cause of the disease. With these, the cats are offered antibiotics and change in diets. The effective nutrition and low-stress aesthetics could cure the Urinary Tract Infections efficiently.

Flea Attack:

When you notice that you cat is frequently scratching its body with the paw, there are chances that fleas might have attacked the body of the pet. Fleas and ticks are small insects that love to dwell in the body of hairy pets such as dogs and cats.

When these insects attack their body, they could lead to various kinds of infections and allergies. These attacks might also affect the sensitive organs such as brain, heart and kidneys.

If you examine the presence of flea in the body of pets, get it diagnosed with a vet to know the plight of attack. Generally the attack does not cause a heavy syndrome, unless it is discovered too late.

Also, do not forget to offer your cat a regular wash with a prescribed shampoo to do away with the problem of fleas.