You must be familiar with most of the methods that could lend a hand in keeping your pet clean from outside. These pet grooming methods are highly essential for keeping intact the health and hygiene of your beloved pets.
But very often, the body of pets is attacked by nasty ticks that prove a high menace to their body. Ticks are minute, eight-legged insects that love the body of pets such as dogs and cats to make their dwelling unit. While they reside in their body, they cause a hoard of illnesses and one of them is Lyme disease.
Lyme diseases are spreading at an alarming rate and it has been reported that the percentage of these diseases has enhanced by a huge margin of 560% in the dogs
Therefore it is required to have knowledge of the diseases caused by the attack of ticks, so that they do not prove fatal for the life of the pet.
Here we would discuss about the Lyme diseases that affect the dogs and the mitigation strategies that could be used for them. This includes the following main points:
- What is a Lyme disease and how is it caused?
- What are the symptoms that accompany Lyme diseases?
- What are the treatment methods that could be given to an affected pet?
- What are the preventive measures to get your pet away from the attack of ticks?
What is a Lyme Disease and What are its Causes?
As already mentioned, Lyme diseases are caused due to attack of ticks on the body of pets. Due to their bite, a bacteria specie known as spirochete gets ingested in the body of pets. These bacteria belong to the Borrelia Burgdorferi group and are capable of causing many kinds of infections.
Other ticks that belong to the lxodes species (also known as deer ticks) are also capable of transmitting Lyme diseases in the pets.
While Lyme diseases are common in dogs, they could be transmitted to the people as well. Though these are not contagious and an affected dog would not spread the disease, the ticks in the body of dogs are capable of biting the humans. If human beings are bitten by an infected tick, they have all the chances of receiving these diseases.
Therefore, it is required more often to check the attack of ticks so that their perilous consequences could be effectively eliminated.
What are the Symptoms of the Lyme Diseases?
The symptoms of Lyme Diseases are not generally visible in pets till they reach to a critical level. After the stipulated development of infection, the pets could have a hoard of effects on their body. Some of these include:
- Pain in the joints of pets which retard their capacity of motion. These could also affect the muscles and the bones as well.
- Excessive sluggishness and lethargy which increases their intolerance towards exercises.
- Rise in the body temperature and high-fever.
- Loss of appetite in the pets due to which their body weight tends to decline a fair bit.
- Development of a touch-sensitivity in the body
- Difficulty in respiration
- Lymph nodes become swollen
Apart from this, long-term complications could have a serious effect on the critical parts such as kidneys, nervous system, heart and body-joints etc.
As these diseases could affect the human beings too, the symptoms could also be evident in the pet-keepers. Therefore, there is a huge urge to make sure that these deadly insects do not make a dwelling unit in the body of your pets and in turn may render you ailing.
What are the treatment methods that could be given to the pets?
The Lyme diseases could be detected by the vets easily and they are given a due treatment.
Diagnosis: While the affected pet meets the vet, a full detail of the symptoms and the background effects has to be presented. Due to this, the vets could easily identify the organs which have got affected due to this disease.
The vet may follow the diagnosis with a series of blood tests, cell count in the blood, examination of urine, excreta testing, X-Ray and some detailed tests that give out the exact extent of the Lyme disease in the body. This disease affects the joints a fair bit and hence, fluids from the joints could also be taken for examination.
While there may be many causes of arthritis, Lyme diseases could also induce this disorder in the body of pets. It is therefore checked by the vets that the arthritis symptoms are due to Lyme disease or due to other causes such as Osteochondrosis Dissecans (disease found in large, fast-growing dogs), trauma or joint diseases.
Treatment: If the Lyme disease is detected in your pet’s body, the vets generally do not give it much of significance, unless it has caused some major damage such as kidney failure or heart diseases.
The most common antibiotic that is prescribed for a dog affected with Lyme disease is Doxycycline. Apart from this, there are various other commercially-available medicines that have the capability to treat this disease.
The duration up to which the medicines are provided generally ranges from four to five weeks. Unless the disease has shown some critical disorder, this period is enough to treat a dog that is infected with Lyme disease.
With the normal medicines, the vets generally prescribe a dosage of anti-inflammatory drug. This is to provide the dogs relief from the pains that tends to affect the comfort of the pet.
With all the due treatments, vets do not guarantee that Lyme Diseases would stay away from the dog in future. The symptoms of the disease might get suppressed in the present time but they have all the chances of arising and affecting the body in the future. These are also said to cause many kind s of kidney diseases in the body of pets if they linger for long.
How to Prevent Dogs From the Lyme Diseases?
Lyme diseases are mostly said to occur in the younger dogs, rather than the senior ones which are more sluggish. Therefore, it is required to prevent the dogs from them. The best possible methods of inhibiting this disease are to suppress the attack of ticks.
Ticks are mostly found grasses, wooden areas and sandy floors. When the pet is in close vicinity, they find themselves crawling on the grass blades and quickly steal into their body. The pets that get attacked do not feel their presence until an itchy sensation arises in the body.
Therefore, the dogs must be kept away from these woody and grassy areas.
In spite of all the efforts, the ticks find some way or the other to get into the body of pets. Therefore, the body of dogs should be given a thorough wash regularly with the anti-flea shampoos. Also, a regular examination of the skin of dogs should be done so as to make sure that ticks do not linger in their body.
If you find a tick attached to the body of your pet, it could be removed with the hands or a fine tweezers. The Deer Tick is an extremely small kind of tick that is usually difficult to get with the hands. For this, you could use a fine-sized tweezers to remove it from the body of your pet. Make sure to crush the tick between two solid surfaces, so that it does not attack again.
If you are in a habit of going out for a walk with your pet, make sure that they stay away from the woody area. The grass and the tree trunks could be a place of abode for the ticks that get into the pet body very quickly.
Vets also refer the usage of various kinds of pet collars, sprays, and spot-on topical products that efficiently repel and kill ticks. You could make use of these for the betterment of your pet but only upon the prescription of your vet.
With the help of all the above methods, you could effectively prevent your dogs from the attack of ticks.
Remember! The earlier the symptoms of Lyme diseases are detected, the easier it becomes to treat the dog. If persistent for long, ticks have the capability to destroy the various inner organs. What is more alarming is that they have a proper influence on the nervous system of the pets that controls the working of all the other organs.
When Lyme diseases are said to attack the pets, they could get to the body of the pet-keeper, who might be in regular contact with it. Due to this, hoards of tick diseases are prevalent in the human beings too.
But the good news is that tick diseases in humans could be detected very early and various methods are available that could eliminate the disease from the body of pet as well as the pet-keeper.