Pancreas is an important body organ that has two major functions in the body:
- Firstly it produces as digestive enzyme known as pancreatic juice which helps in proper digestion of ingested food and,
- Secondly, it is responsible for secretion of an enzyme that controls and regulates the sugar level in the body.
Similar to the human beings, our beloved pets too undergo the same processes in their body. When they consume starch and carbohydrates these are broken down to sugar glucose molecules. These glucose molecules get absorbed in the blood and when in excess, are stored in liver and muscles as glycogen. In this process, the insulin enzyme from pancreas helps in relieving the extra glucose from the blood
Diabetes mellitus or simply diabetes is caused by an insufficient secretion of the enzyme insulin by the pancreas which results in excessive increase in the blood sugar.
In young dogs, when pancreas is not fully developed with age, they are not able to function properly. Due to this, the secretion of enzyme insulin is affected and it causes a flurry of glucose in their body.
While this is the major reason of diabetes in most of the young dogs, some pets could possess diabetes due to certain other reasons such as autoimmune disorders, infectious diseases or due to inherited causes (pup from a diabetic parent).
Symptoms Of Juvenile Diabetes Mellitus In Dogs:
Diabetes Mellitus could affect the overall growth of the puppies. If a growing dog is affected with diabetes, it would look rather smaller and leaner than the other dogs of the same age. Despite of their appetite and devouring meals, they would lose weight surprisingly.
Apart from being leaner in appearance, diabetic dogs would run out of energy too soon. The loss of muscle mass with inadequate energy could lead to generalized weakness of other systems too. They could also appear paralyzed.
Elevated sugar in blood could also show critical results on other organs such as kidneys, liver and eyes.
Risks Due To Diabetes:
Diabetes could pose many kinds of risks in the body of dogs. Formerly, the heart and the blood vessels of the dog’s body are degraded and slowly the other systems such as nervous, cardiac, immune and respiratory systems are too affected directly or indirectly.
The greater the disease is overlooked, the monstrous it becomes with time. Therefore, diabetes in young dogs should not be taken lightly.
What can you do?
Contrary to the human beings, controlling diets of the dog is not among the best options to control blood sugar. Even ingesting insulin tablets orally would not provide that much of a help.
Diabetic young dogs should be offered a rigorous diagnosis in a routine basis to carefully monitor the sugar in blood and urine. They could be given routine insulin injections so that the ingested body sugar is kept in control.
Moreover, the amount of sugar in food and starchy foods should be reduced considerably to provide an effective control to the affected dogs.
Dogs with sugar could lead a normal life, but under the regular care of their master. The offer of proper concern could help them come out of the troubles soon.