As a matter of universal truth, accidents could happen to anybody and everybody. By an accident, it is meant that a physical harm is done to a living being on account of his negligence or a part of slip-up by some other person. Whatever the case may be, accidents could hurt either vaguely or be catastrophic for the organism who encounters it.
What follow an accident are the rescue steps and first-aid is the foremost method that could bring some sort of relief to the affected organism. You could consider the first-aid of a human being easy but when it comes to the pets you possess, it is all the more difficult. Similar to all the other biotic organisms, your household animals, usually jargoned as pets, have all the chances in the world to stumble upon a mishappening. Under these conditions, it is quite necessary that, while you call yourself a proud master of a pet, you ought to keep a pet first-aid kid along with the knowledge to use it when an emergency occurs.
What does First-Aid mean?
First aid is the instantaneous attention and care given to a pet that has come across a medical emergency such as an injury or illness. This could be a consequence of some natural or a human activity. First-aid includes the following steps:
Primary Steps: The primary steps are the first measures that take place. A highly knowledgeable pet-keeper takes the immediate action of checking the consciousness of pet, rate of respiration, heartbeat rate and the functioning of the major visible parts.
Secondary Steps: Secondary steps consist of examining the eyes, ears, neck, chest, nose, abdomen, back, body temperature and the methods used to keep the condition stable so that no further harm is added to the existing injury.
Transport: Not all the emergency situations are explicable by the pet-owners and the pet has to be quickly transported to the specialist care-takers who could offer it better treatment. The timely care received could certainly offer it better situations to get well soon.
For a pet at home, it is better to keep an emergency kit that helps to mitigate with the undesirable conditions that your pets come across. Some of the products that are necessary to be kept in a first-aid kit are:
- Chlorhexidine or povidone-iodine solution (antiseptic)
- Adhesive tapes
- Roll gauge of size 2” and gauge pads
- Eye-washing liquid
- Isopropyl alcohol 3% hydrogen peroxide
- Blanket with heat packs
- Plastic food wrap
- Petroleumm jelly
- Activated charcoal
- Bulb syringe
- Cotton balls
All these materials are utmost necessary among others that need to be kept in advance.
Emergency conditions and their mitigation:
Road accidents: A large number of stray dogs get killed every year because of the road accidents. If you let your pet dog loose, it could also encounter certain road mishaps from a number of vehicles moving to and fro.
In case your dog meets an accident, do not panic and examine the conditions of the body. If it is in a situation to walk, take it to a vet immediately. There could be internal injuries to it, even when there is nothing visible to the eyes.
If your pet could not get up, there are chances of some serious injuries in the skeletal system or muscles. The spinal cord could also have come across some injury. Pick the dog up by placing a hand on its chest and other at the back. If it is a big one, call for an ambulance at once and dart to the vet as soon as possible. It is better to be safe than sorry.
Burns and scalds: Dogs could get burned due to various reasons such as fire, heat, electronic items, chemicals and electricity etc. It is better to keep these items in vicinity that your dogs are in no contact to them.
When your dog gets burned, wash the burned area with a lot of cold water. Do not allow the dog to lick or bite the area and also do not apply any sort of ointments or gels. Contact a vet as soon as possible and inform him about all the conditions that led to the accident. If there is a delay in reaching the vet, you could use a saline soaked dressing in the burnt area. Keep the pet in a warm environment.
Poisoning: Poisoning in dogs could occur from a variety of sources such as restricted human food, chemicals, rodent-killers used at home, detergents, sprays, petroleum product or an acidic substance etc. For the first aid, it is necessary to determine what the pet has consumed, in how much amount and what types of symptoms did it show afterwards.
If the pet is conscious, you could induce vomiting by offering a stipulated amount of Hydrogen Peroxide solution according to its weight. Contact a vet immediately and transport the pet to hospital as soon as possible. Do not forget to take the container of the substance if poisoning has occurred due to a chemical substance at home.
If the dog has swallowed a large object that got stuck: The dogs may find some objects such as balls and apples interesting and would try to swallow the item as a whole, hardly adhering to the fact that it could harm them drastically.
If your dog too encounters any such accident, try to push the throat from outside. If it is stuck too fast and your dog is getting choked, ask a person to hold its mouth while you try to reach the object with your hand. Stay cautious of not getting bitten. You could also lay the dog on its side and jerk force on its tummy while the other person stands alert to hold the ejected object as soon as it appears.
Heat Strokes: Excessive hot and humid conditions could render agitation to your dogs while it pants and huffs due to it. It could also lead to severe physical harms that if not looked upon immediately, could cost the life of pet.
If your dog is panting heavily due to heat or any other heavy activity, allow it to rest in a normal temperature. When the rate of breathing turns normal, spray water on its coat and also offer it water to drink. You could also offer it some ice to lick.
If the conditions do not turn normal and your pet shows conditions such as vomiting etc. take it to a vet immediately and follow treatment measures required. Extreme heats could harm the pets rather badly.
Eye Injury: Eye injury could be characterized by redness in the eyes, bulge of eyeball, wound near the eyes or bloody appearance inside or outside eyes.
Wash the eyes immediately with plenty of water or a prescribed eye-washing liquid. There could be an insertion of chemicals in them. Apply a wet dressing if the eye has bulged out. Do prevent your pet from rubbing and scratching the affected area. Call the vet immediately for the next action.
Electric Shock: The negligence of human beings as far as electronic item is concerned or any sort of loose fittings such as open wires could be extremely hazardous as they could offer an electric shock to your dear mate.
If your encounter your pet stuck to the supply, switch of the mains first. If it is conscious, take it to a vet immediately and if it encounters dizziness, offer it resuscitation by giving it a push near the rib cage. Rush to the vet at once if it shows no betterment.
Insect Sting: Certain insects such as bees and wasps could sting your pet and the affected area hurts severely. It could also form spots or swells in the body.
Examine the body and pull out any visible stings. Wash the area with water or apply a solution of soda bicarbonate to the affected area. You could also use ice to soothe its pain. If the sting happens to be in a critical area such as mouth or throat, rush to the vet and offer immediate medications as the swelling could affect the breathing ability of the pet.
Dehydration: This is the condition of excessive loss of water and electrolytes from the body of pets. Under these conditions, the pet could have disorders such as vomiting or it may faint.
If dehydration occurs in your pet, offer it a cool environment to rest. Give it frequent, small quantities of water mixed with electrolytes to drink. If the dehydration is extreme, show it up to a vet immediately. Do not offer it free supply of water and any sort of dry food to eat. These could make the condition worse.
Diarrhea and Vomiting: While diarrhea causes an excessive expulsion of stools from the body, vomiting ejects the food and liquid from the mouth. It could occur due to many kinds of physical emergencies such as chemical feeds, heat strokes and fever etc.
Do not offer any sort of medication in the house and rush to the vet immediately as the causes of these disorders could vary according to the emergency.
While it is better to keep your pet protected, it becomes all the more important to offer it first-aid if it encounters any emergency. A cautious master could save the life of a dear pet under crisis which else could lead to serious troubles for both the pet and the owner.